Dayton, OH Profile: Facts, Map & Data


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Dayton, Ohio - Basic Facts

The City of Dayton is the 6th largest city in Ohio with a population of 140,450 as of July 1, 2017. Dayton ranks in the upper quartile for Population Density and Diversity Index when compared to the other cities, towns and Census Designated Places (CDPs) in Ohio. See peer rankings below.

The primary coordinate point for Dayton is located at latitude 39.7774 and longitude -84.1996 in Montgomery County. The formal boundaries for the City of Dayton (see map below) encompass a land area of 55.66 sq. miles and a water area of 0.85 sq. miles. Montgomery County is in the Eastern time zone (GMT -5). The elevation is 738 feet.

The City of Dayton (GNIS ID: 1086167) has a C5 Census Class Code which indicates an active incorporated place that is independent of any county subdivision and serves as a county subdivision equivalent. It also has a Functional Status Code of "A" which identifies an active government providing primary general-purpose functions.

Beneath the boundary map are tables with Dayton population, income and housing data, five-year growth projections and peer comparisons for key demographic data. The estimates are for July 1, 2017.

Alternate Unofficial Names for Dayton: Cabintown, Venice.

Neighborhood Data

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City of Dayton, OH Boundary Map

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Dayton, OH Data & Demographics (As of July 1, 2017)


Total Population 140,450
Daytime Population: Workers 90,591
Daytime Population: Residents 84,340
Total Daytime Population (TDP) 174,931
Ratio TDP/Total Population1 1.25
Population in Households 130,353
Population in Familes 91,350
Population in Group Qrtrs 10,097
Population Density2 2,523
Diversity Index3 59


Median Household Income $29,862
Average Household Income $42,246
Per Capita Income $18,412


Total Housing Units 75,214 (100%)
Owner Occupied HU 27,000 (35.9%)
Renter Occupied HU 31,109 (41.4%)
Vacant Housing Units 17,105 (22.7%)
Median Home Value $76,110
Average Home Value $93,006


Total Households 58,109
Average Household Size 2.24
Family Households 30,103
Average Family Size 3
  1. If the ratio of the TDP to Total Population is greater than 1, the location gains population during the day when commuting workers are present. If the ratio is less than 1, the location is more of a bedroom community where people commute to another place for work.
  2. Population Density = Total Population per square mile.
  3. The Diversity Index is a scale of 0 to 100 that represents the likelihood that two persons, chosen at random from the same area, belong to different race or ethnic groups. If an area's entire population belongs to one race AND one ethnic group, then the area has zero diversity. An area's diversity index increases to 100 when the population is evenly divided into two or more race/ethnic groups.


2010-2017 2017-2022
Population -0.11% -0.01%
Households -0.07% 0.06%
Families -0.43% -0.21%
Median Household Income   1.05%
Per Capita Income   2.41%

Dayton, OH - Peer Comparisons by Rank and Percentile

The table below compares Dayton to the other 1,215 incorporated cities, towns and CDPs in Ohio by rank and percentile using July 1, 2017 data. The location Ranked # 1 has the highest value. A location that ranks higher than 75% of its peers would be in the 75th percentile of the peer group.

Variable Description Rank Percentile
Total Population # 6 100th
Population Density # 146 88th
Diversity Index # 20 98th
Median Household Income # 1183 3rd
Per Capita Income # 1137 7th

Additional comparisons and rankings can be made with a VERY EASY TO USE Ohio Census Data Comparison Tool.

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