Cincinnati, OH Profile: Facts & Data


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Cincinnati, Ohio - Basic Facts

The City of Cincinnati is the 3rd largest city in Ohio with a population of 309,456 as of July 1, 2020. Cincinnati ranks in the upper quartile for Population Density and Diversity Index when compared to the other cities, towns and Census Designated Places (CDPs) in Ohio. See peer rankings below.

The primary coordinate point for Cincinnati is located at latitude 39.1035 and longitude -84.5153 in Hamilton County. The formal boundaries for the City of Cincinnati encompass a land area of 77.94 sq. miles and a water area of 1.6 sq. miles. Hamilton County is in the Eastern time zone (GMT -5). The elevation is 551 feet.

The City of Cincinnati (GNIS ID: 1086201) has a C5 Census Class Code which indicates an active incorporated place that is independent of any county subdivision and serves as a county subdivision equivalent. It also has a Functional Status Code of "A" which identifies an active government providing primary general-purpose functions.

Alternate Unofficial Names for Cincinnati: Covalts Station, Fort Washington, Losantiville, Porkopolis, Queen City, Queen City of the West, Sinsinati.


Cincinnati, OH Data & Demographics (As of July 1, 2020)


Total Population 309,456 (100%)
Population in Households 292,777 (94.6%)
Population in Families 188,663 (61.0%)
Population in Group Quarters1 16,679 ( 5.4%)
Population Density 3,976
Diversity Index2 61


Median Household Income $41,481
Average Household Income $66,287
% of Income for Mortgage4 15%
Per Capita Income $30,246
Wealth Index5 54


Total HU (Housing Units) 165,822 (100%)
Owner Occupied HU 48,915 (29.5%)
Renter Occupied HU 90,963 (54.9%)
Vacant Housing Units 25,944 (15.6%)
Median Home Value $144,476
Average Home Value $214,374
Housing Affordability Index3 141


Total Households 139,878
Average Household Size 2.09
Family Households 62,914
Average Family Size 3
  1. Group Quarters - a place where people live or stay in a group living arrangement. Includes college residents halls, nursing facilities, military barracks, and correctional facilities.
  2. The Diversity Index is a scale of 0 to 100 that represents the likelihood that two persons, chosen at random from the same area, belong to different races or ethnic groups. If an area's entire population belongs to one race AND one ethnic group, then the area has zero diversity. An area's diversity index increases to 100 when the population is evenly divided into two or more race/ethnic groups.
  3. The Housing Affordability Index base is 100 and represents a balance point where a resident with a median household income can normally qualify to purchase a median price home. Values above 100 indicate increased affordability, while values below 100 indicate decreased affordability.
  4. The % of Income for Mortgage quantifies the percentage of median household income dedicated to mortgage payments on a home priced at the median value (assuming a 30-year mortgage and a 20% down payment).
  5. The Wealth Index is based on a number of indicators of affluence including average household income and average net worth, but it also includes the value of material possessions and resources. It represents the wealth of the area relative to the national level. Values above or below 100 represent above-average wealth or below-average wealth compared to the national level.


2010-2020 2020-2025
Population 0.41% 0.26%
Households 0.46% 0.35%
Families 0.1% 0.08%
Median Household Income   1.59%
Per Capita Income   1.99%
Owner Occupied HU   0.18%


Cincinnati, OH - Peer Comparisons by Rank and Percentile

The table below compares Cincinnati to the other 1,215 incorporated cities, towns and CDPs in Ohio by rank and percentile using July 1, 2020 data. The location Ranked # 1 has the highest value. A location that ranks higher than 75% of its peers would be in the 75th percentile of the peer group.

Variable Description Rank Percentile
Total Population # 3 100th
Population Density # 39 97th
Median Household Income # 1036 15th
Housing Affordability Index # 121 10th
Per Capita Income # 428 65th
Diversity Index # 18 99th

Additional comparisons and rankings can be made with a VERY EASY TO USE Ohio Census Data Comparison Tool.

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