Dayton, OH Profile: Facts & Data

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Dayton, Ohio - Basic Facts

The City of Dayton is the 6th largest city in Ohio with a population of 139,215 as of July 1, 2019. Dayton ranks in the upper quartile for Population Density and Diversity Index when compared to the other cities, towns and Census Designated Places (CDPs) in Ohio. See peer rankings below.

The primary coordinate point for Dayton is located at latitude 39.7589 and longitude -84.1916 in Montgomery County. The formal boundaries for the City of Dayton encompass a land area of 55.66 sq. miles and a water area of 0.85 sq. miles. Montgomery County is in the Eastern time zone (GMT -5). The elevation is 738 feet.

The City of Dayton (GNIS ID: 1086167) has a C5 Census Class Code which indicates an active incorporated place that is independent of any county subdivision and serves as a county subdivision equivalent. It also has a Functional Status Code of "A" which identifies an active government providing primary general-purpose functions.

Alternate Unofficial Names for Dayton: Cabintown, Venice.

Jump to... (On This Page!)
  1. Dayton 2019 Demographic Data
  2. Growth Rates for Dayton (Historical & 5-Year Forecast)
  3. Peer Comparisons (Rank and Percentile)
  1. Neighborhoods Demographics (Home Values, Household Income, etc.)
  2. Ohio Research Tools (Easy Tools & Current Data)
  3. Ohio Data Comparison Tool - 2019 Demographics

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Boundary Maps, Demographic Data, School Zones Review maps and data for the neighborhood, city, county, ZIP Code, and school zone. July 1, 2019, data includes home values, household income, percentage of homes owned, rented or vacant, etc.


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Dayton, OH Data & Demographics (As of July 1, 2019)

HOUSING AFFORDABILITY INDEX

Dayton, OH Housing Affordability Index is 176
State of Ohio Housing Affordability Index is 156
The Housing Affordability Index base is 100 and represents a balance point where a resident with a median household income can normally qualify to purchase a median price home. Values above 100 indicate increased affordability, while values below 100 indicate decreased affordability.

WEALTH INDEX

Dayton, OH Wealth Index is 35
State of Ohio Wealth Index is 84
The Wealth Index is based on a number of indicators of affluence including average household income and average net worth, but it also includes the value of material possessions and resources. It represents the wealth of the area relative to the national level. Values above or below 100 represent above-average wealth or below-average wealth compared to the national level.

These new demographic attributes are availiable for Neighborhoods, Cities, Counties, and ZIP Codes.

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  1. For information about schools and school attendance zones, use the HTL Address Tool
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  3. The new 2-Minute Introduction and Concise Guide to Big Data which will help you make the most effective use of HomeTownLocator Tools.
  4. See the References & Data Sources page for more information about methodology and sources of data.
  5. See the Ohio COVID-19 Data and US COVID-19 Data for more information on the spread of the novel coronavirus.

POPULATION

Total Population 139,215 (100%)
Population in Households 129,119 (92.7%)
Population in Families 90,047 (64.7%)
Population in Group Quarters1 10,096 ( 7.3%)
Population Density 2,513
Diversity Index2 60
 

INCOME

Median Household Income $31,410
Average Household Income $44,739
Per Capita Income $19,025
Wealth Index4 35

HOUSING

Total Housing Units 74,860 (100%)
Owner Occupied HU 26,481 (35.4%)
Renter Occupied HU 31,255 (41.8%)
Vacant Housing Units 17,125 (22.9%)
Median Home Value $75,173
Housing Affordability Index3 176
 

HOUSEHOLDS

Total Households 57,735
Average Household Size 2.24
Family Households 29,676
Average Family Size 3
NOTES
  1. Group Quarters - a place where people live or stay in a group living arrangement. Includes college residents halls, nursing facilities, military barracks, and correctional facilities.
  2. The Diversity Index is a scale of 0 to 100 that represents the likelihood that two persons, chosen at random from the same area, belong to different race or ethnic groups. If an area's entire population belongs to one race AND one ethnic group, then the area has zero diversity. An area's diversity index increases to 100 when the population is evenly divided into two or more race/ethnic groups.
  3. The Housing Affordability Index base is 100 and represents a balance point where a resident with a median household income can normally qualify to purchase a median price home. Values above 100 indicate increased affordability, while values below 100 indicate decreased affordability.
  4. The Wealth Index is based on a number of indicators of affluence including average household income and average net worth, but it also includes the value of material possessions and resources. It represents the wealth of the area relative to the national level. Values above or below 100 represent above-average wealth or below-average wealth compared to the national level.

GROWTH RATE / YEAR

2010-2019 2019-2024
Population -0.18% -0.07%
Households -0.13% 0.0%
Families -0.49% -0.26%
Median Household Income   2.61%
Per Capita Income   2.95%

Dayton, OH - Peer Comparisons by Rank and Percentile

The table below compares Dayton to the other 1,215 incorporated cities, towns and CDPs in Ohio by rank and percentile using July 1, 2019 data. The location Ranked # 1 has the highest value. A location that ranks higher than 75% of its peers would be in the 75th percentile of the peer group.

Variable Description Rank Percentile
Total Population # 6 100th
Population Density # 146 88th
Diversity Index # 19 99th
Median Household Income # 1191 2nd
Per Capita Income # 1146 6th

Additional comparisons and rankings can be made with a VERY EASY TO USE Ohio Census Data Comparison Tool.

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