Columbus, OH Profile: Facts & Data


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Columbus, Ohio - Basic Facts

The City of Columbus is the largest city in Ohio with a population of 927,305 as of July 1, 2023. Columbus ranks in the upper quartile for Population Density and Diversity Index when compared to the other cities, towns and Census Designated Places (CDPs) in Ohio. See peer rankings below.

The primary coordinate point for Columbus is located at latitude 39.9612 and longitude -82.9988 in Franklin County. The formal boundaries for the City of Columbus encompass a land area of 217.97 sq. miles and a water area of 5.9 sq. miles. Franklin County is in the Eastern time zone (GMT -5).

While the primary coordinates for City of Columbus are located in Franklin County, it should be noted that the formal boundaries for this community also extend into Fairfield County, and Delaware County.

The City of Columbus has a C6 Census Class Code which indicates an active incorporated place that partially is independent of any county subdivision and serves as a county subdivision equivalent or partially coextensive with a county subdivision but treated as independent of any county subdivision. It also has a Functional Status Code of "A" which identifies an active government providing primary general-purpose functions.

Jump to... (On This Page!)
  1. Columbus 2023 Demographic Data
  2. Growth Rates for Columbus (Historical & 5-Year Forecast)
  3. Peer Comparisons (Rank and Percentile)
  1. Neighborhoods Demographics (Home Values, Household Income, etc.)
  2. Ohio Research Tools (Easy Tools & Current Data)
  3. Ohio Data Comparison Tool - 2023 Demographics

Columbus, OH Data & Demographics (As of July 1, 2023)


Total Population 927,305 (100%)
Population in Households 901,641 (97.2%)
Population in Families 611,505 (65.9%)
Population in Group Quarters1 25,664 ( 2.8%)
Population Density 4,208
Diversity Index2 69


Median Household Income $61,068
Average Household Income $84,399
% of Income for Mortgage4 23%
Per Capita Income $35,862
Wealth Index5 59
Socioeconomic Status Index6 Moderate (46.8)


Total HU (Housing Units) 426,834 (100%)
Owner Occupied HU 176,658 (41.4%)
Renter Occupied HU 216,124 (50.6%)
Vacant Housing Units 34,052 ( 8.0%)
Median Home Value $232,324
Average Home Value $265,253
Housing Affordability Index3 96


Total Households 392,782
Average Household Size 2.30
Family Households 195,703
Average Family Size 3.00
  1. Group Quarters - a place where people live or stay in a group living arrangement. Includes college residents halls, nursing facilities, military barracks, and correctional facilities.
  2. The Diversity Index is a scale of 0 to 100 that represents the likelihood that two persons, chosen at random from the same area, belong to different races or ethnic groups. If an area's entire population belongs to one race AND one ethnic group, then the area has zero diversity. An area's diversity index increases to 100 when the population is evenly divided into two or more race/ethnic groups.
  3. The Housing Affordability Index base is 100 and represents a balance point where a resident with a median household income can normally qualify to purchase a median price home. Values above 100 indicate increased affordability, while values below 100 indicate decreased affordability.
  4. The % of Income for Mortgage quantifies the percentage of median household income dedicated to mortgage payments on a home priced at the median value (assuming a 30-year mortgage and a 20% down payment).
  5. The Wealth Index is based on a number of indicators of affluence including average household income and average net worth, but it also includes the value of material possessions and resources. It represents the wealth of the area relative to the national level. Values above or below 100 represent above-average wealth or below-average wealth compared to the national level.
  6. The Socioeconomic Index ranges from zero (lowest relative status) to 100 (highest relative status). This measure quantifies disparities in social position of an area's inhabitants and is built from a broad range of demographic, housing, and socioeconomic inputs. More information on this measure can be found in Esri's SEI tutorial.


2020-2023 2023-2028
Population 0.72% 0.33%
Households 0.85% 0.46%
Families   0.32%
Median Household Income   2.73%
Per Capita Income   2.93%
Owner Occupied HU   0.43%

Columbus, OH - Peer Comparisons by Rank and Percentile

The table below compares Columbus to the other 1,265 incorporated cities, towns and CDPs in Ohio by rank and percentile using July 1, 2023 data. The location Ranked # 1 has the highest value. A location that ranks higher than 75% of its peers would be in the 75th percentile of the peer group.

Variable Description Rank Percentile
Total Population # 1 100th
Population Density # 37 97th
Median Household Income # 694 45th
Housing Affordability Index # 194 15th
Per Capita Income # 549 57th
Diversity Index # 14 99th

Additional comparisons and rankings can be made with a VERY EASY TO USE Ohio Census Data Comparison Tool.

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